Understanding LNG Terminals & Terminal Operations


Understanding LNG Terminals & Terminal Operations

Understanding LNG Terminals & Terminal Operations
04 - 08 أغسطس 2024
Istanbul, تركيا

What are the Goals?

The achievable for the training course will include:

  • Improving your LNG terminal handling, loading and discharging of bulk liquids
  • Learning about LNG SIMOPS and LNG international guidelines and regulations concerning tankers and terminals including the science of LNG, new technologies, properties and types of cargoes transfers now available
  • Understanding the techniques used globally regarding LNG Quality & Quantity
  • Becoming familiar with state of the art LNG loading and discharge operations and equipment

Who is this Training Course for?

  • LNG suppliers, traders and distributors
  • Ship owners and operators
  • Superintendents and safety officers
  • Technical and operations executives
  • Charterers and traders
  • Ship brokers
  • Port and terminal operators
  • P&I club and marine insurance
  • Ship Owners and Managers
  • Offshore Vessel and FPSO Owners and Operators
  • Oil Majors, NOCs and Independents
  • Ship Superintendents and Safety Officers
  • Ship Officers and Crews (Master, Chief Officers, Chief Engineers etc)
  • Loading and Mooring Masters
  • STS Service Providers
  • Liquid Cargo and Bunker Surveyors
  • Ports and Terminal Operators
  • P&I Inspectors and Executives
  • LNG FSU Owners, Managers, Operators

Daily Agenda

Day One: Regulations, Standards and Guidelines Governing Transfer Operations

  • MARPOL Annex 1, Section 8 about Oil Tanker/ LNGC
  • Latest on transfer Guides for Crude, Products and Liquid Gasses
  • International Safety Guide for Oil Tankers and Terminals (ISGOTT)
  • Oil Companies International marine Forum (OCIMF) Guidelines
  • LNG Vessel operations in port guidance
  • LNG Bunkering guidelines (SGMF)

Parties involved and their Relationship to One Another

  • How Parties involved (Oil/Gas Majors, Charterers, Service Provider, Cargo Surveyors, FSRU operators, POAC, Ships’ masters and Mooring Master) work harmoniously to attain operational efficiency and safety
  • LNG/FSRU Ship Management and receiving terminal

Person in Overall Advisory Control

  • Qualifications and Training of POAC
  • POAC performing different roles at particular point of the operations

Day Two: Pre-planning and Risk Assessment Considerations  

  • What is LNG? Hazards and Risks vs. Oil
  • Screening / Compatibility Studies of participating vessels
  • Ship compatibility, and OPTIMOOR
  • Criteria in selecting transfer area and Approval from the authorities
  • Security issues
  • Checklists and Preparations
  • Risk Assessments and Management, Helicopter operations, Cargo Hazards, weather conditions, personnel injury, mooring unmooring operations
  • Oil v/s LNG any differences?

Planning and Equipment

  • Plan format and information to include
  • Joint operations plan
  • Who prepares the plan?
  • Supply of equipment, fenders, hoses
  • Equipment and Locations
  • ISM and Training requirements – Timelines for Compatibility

Plan and Review - Exercise

  • Plan review and discuss checklists and equipment items required
  • Confirm any training requirements
  • Simulation training and bridge team resources management

Types of Custody Transfer Measurement [Quality and Quantity]

  • LNG - Systems and Equipment
  • Liquid form measurement
  • Volumetric measurement
  • Temperature measurement
  • Custody Transfer Measurement systems
  • Dynamic Metering
  • Ultrasonic Metering
  • Vortex Metering
  • Colirious Metering
  • (CTMs) testing and checks
  • LNG Custody Transfer Procedure

Mooring Operations Manoeuvring and Risks

  • Underway and Anchored operations and cast-off ops
  • Navigation signals/weather parameters
  • Tug and Tender assistance
  • Carriage and Delivery of Fenders and Equipment
  • Communications
  • Mooring operations, weather limitations for operations

Day Three: Cargo Transfer Operations  

  • Introduction to LNG vessel types
  • Personnel transfer
  • Pre-Cargo Transfer meeting
  • Checklist and communications confirmation
  • Custody Transfer measurement
  • Emergency Shut Down tests, Shore ESD 2 and STS ESD 2 difference
  • Cargo operations and monitoring
  • Differences for operations between oil and LNG

CASE STUDY - Compatibility study and meeting

  • OPTIMOOR studies
  • Simulator training for FSRU and STS equipment
  • Cargo discharge considerations LNG Cargo Unloading arms discharge HP to Shore

Best Practices Oil and LNG comparisons

  • Discuss main considerations
  • Best practice any real differences between oil and gas?

Emergency Response and Contingency Planning

  • Things to do in case of emergency
  • General Emergency Response Management
  • Things to avoid during emergencies
  • Contingency equipment
  • Oil spill and LNG leak
  • Fire or Structural damage
  • Poor weather and mooring failures
  • Precautions against piracy
  • Media management and communications, parties involved

CASE STUDY - Spill Response during Cargo Transfer Operations

  • Immediate response and notifications
  • Effects and consequences of the spill
  • Contingency considerations after spill

Terminal and Offshore Safety Inspections – Offshore and Terminal Installation Management Safety [OIM]

Day Four: Electrical Isolations, Terminal Fixtures and Equipment and Fuels

  • Fire and Fire Science – Terminal Safety
  • Terminal and Offshore Inspections – Electrical, Fixtures, Fuels
  • MDS – Material data Sheet Chemical Sources and ignition
  • Mechanical Energy – Liquid and Gas Safety

Vessel Design, Technology and Operations

  • Fuel systems for LNG powered Vessels
  • Measures to reduce energy consumption in ship applications
  • Cut operating costs while, at the same time, reducing emissions
  • Ship design efficiencies
  • Technological efficiencies to reduce energy Consumption in all ship application

Failures Investigation and Root Cause Analysis - Case Study & Delegate Exercise – Terminal Failure Diagnosis, Analysis and Prevention and Planning

New Terminal and Bunkering developments for Marine Engineers and Tech Superintendents – Wear down, Fatigue and Failure Management Practices and planning - LNG Fuel, STS and Bunkering

  • Overview of SMS & PMS
  • Discuss onboard planned maintenance systems – PMS
  • Discuss Trend analysis – T.A
  • Analysis of Condition monitoring technical - CME
  • OEM Main Engine component failures relevant to engine performance

Commercial aspects of General Average Insurance and LNG Cargo Incidents and Claims - how it affects all participants in the STS Shipping Industry

  • What is G.A – why does it affect all participants commercially?
  • A - Carriers concerns
  • LNG Loss and Case Studies
  • LNGC Cost of Losses and how to minimise commercial and economic risks
  • LNG Calculations and how to minimise loss
  • A - Charterer concerns
  • A – Facilities and Operators concerns
  • A – STS, Bunker Handlers & Bunker Operators concerns
  • Commercial Contracts and the effects on all parties
  • Technical nature of G.A
  • Rights and Obligations of all participants in the event of G.A

Day Five: Terminal SIMOPS Training – Simultaneous Operations (LNG Transfers and Operations)

  • Considerations when performing SIMOPS
  • HAZARD and Risk when performing LNG SIMOPS
  • Ship to Ship operations
  • 24 Hr LNG operations
  • Where do SIMOPS operations occur?
  • Why are SIMOPS performed?

Terminal Safety and Planning

  • SWP/JSA Delegate Exercise - HSE Health and Safety Workplace Practices SWP/JSA for end to end Bunkering
  • Bunkering Safety and Risk Management
  • Risk Analysis and Job Safety Analysis – OBJECTIVES
  • Technical characteristics of LNG
  • Handling, storage and spill risk
  • Volatile cargo and gas vapors leak from ruptured tanks, Hoses and pipelines, causing oxygen deficiencies
  • Gas Hazard Monitoring Equipment for JSA
  • Adverse Weather Working – Guidelines examples for JSA
  • Approach to Installations
  • Hose construction and length
  • Hose quality and identification
  • The ‘Golden’ Safety Rules - Port and Vessel Operations
  • Confined space entry
  • Process and Mechanical isolations
  • Electrical isolation
  • Working at Height
  • Ground disturbances
  • Lifting Operations
  • Driving Safety
  • Management of Change in Organization, Equipment, Plant, Standards or Procedures that have a Health, Safety, Integrity and/or Environmental impact
  • ‘Step back’ 5 x 5 procedures

Offshore and Terminal Liquid transfers

  • In Service Inspections
  • Service Leak Testing
  • Hose Ops and Vessels Procedures
  • Operational risk profiles
  • Inspections and Audit – Rigging
  • Inspections and Audit – Wire Ropes
  • Inspections – Handling and Chains
  • Inspection - Shackles and hardware

Terminal/Cargo and Port State Control [PSC]

  • Survey and Inspection requirements
  • Vessel particulars
  • Documentary certificates
  • Condition of vessels hull and machinery
  • Defects and efficiency
  • PSC Structural condition surveys
  • Condition survey requirements
  • Special instructions and requirements

Terminal Cargo Interface and Ship Construction designs parameters

  • Ship Naval architecture and design for terminal interface
  • Cargo and Forces
  • Centre of gravity
  • Movement and stability during cargo loading and unloading
  • SMS/IMO and Equipment
  • Ship motions and vibrations during cargo discharge
  • Intact stability analysis
  • Damage and stability analysis
  • Degrees of freedom during cargo operations
  • Systems and monitoring


الوقت والتاريخ
الأحد، 4 أغسطس 2024
البداية - 10:00 ص (Asia/Kuwait)
الخميس، 8 أغسطس 2024
النهاية - 10:00 ص (Asia/Kuwait)

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